National Council of Teachers of English Logo

Primary Voices, Vol. 5, No. 3, August 1997

Cover Art for Primary Voices, Vol. 5, No. 3, August 1997

Table of Contents

Issue Theme: Learning in Inclusive Communities

  • Collaborative Conversations: Learning in Inclusive Communities

    Patricia Tefft Cousin and Amy Duncan

    Abstract: Discusses basic assumptions about schools and about children that make the shift to inclusive practices difficult. Describes how school teams can have productive conversations (focusing on children's and teacher's needs) organized around advocacy, as they examine student work to determine effective instruction. Discusses organizational structures and curricular structures that are necessary to address student needs.

    Keywords: Elementary

  • Letting the Learner Lead the Way

    Linda Hoyt and Cheryl Ames

    Abstract: Shares processes for decision-making that are congruent with recent theory about literacy development of special needs students. Shows how student self-reflection and involving the learner in planning are essential for matching instruction to individual student needs. Discusses crafting the learning environment, knowing the learner, and thinking broadly about structures for support.

    Keywords: Elementary, Literacy

  • Finding a Common Ground: Special and General Education

    Jim Ferranti

    Abstract: Describes one special education teacher's experiences with inclusionary practices and with establishing an inclusive classroom with second and third graders from general and special education classes. Relates how a shy, withdrawn student was changed for the better as a result of shared values and trust among teachers involved in the inclusion model.

    Keywords: Elementary

  • Authenticity and Advocacy in Assessment: Bilingual Students in Special Education

    Nadeen T. Ruiz and Tomás Enguídanos

    Abstract: Argues that assessment must be authentic and occur in optimal contexts, and that such assessment should help teachers make instructional decisions. Describes the dramatically accelerated learning of a 10-year-old boy in a learning-handicapped classroom after his teacher worked intensively with the Optimal Learning Environment project and began to teach and assess literacy development in new ways.

    Keywords: Elementary, Language

  • Linking Authenticity and Advocacy in Assessment to Inclusion

    Tomás Enguídanos

    Abstract: Shows advocacy in practice as a special education teacher relates how he works with students and parents to ensure equitable and effective education. Describes building a different relationship between school and home via monthly meetings that focus on student progress shown in authentic assessments and activities. Describes a collaboration between a special education and a regular bilingual class.

    Keywords: Elementary, Language

  • About This Issue

    Patricia Tefft Cousin and Amy Duncan

    Abstract: Abstract for this article is currently not available.

    Keywords: Elementary

  • Reflections

    Amy Duncan and Patricia Tefft Cousin

    Abstract: Summarizes the themed issue, ""Learning in Inclusive Communities" and thanks contributing authors. Full text available in print version only.

    Keywords: Elementary

* Journal articles are provided in PDF format and can be opened using the free Adobe® Reader® program or a comparable viewer. Click here to download and install the most recent version of Adobe Reader.

Document and Site Resources

Share This On:


Anonymous commenting is not allowed. Please log in with an individual NCTE account to post comments to this page.

Most Recent Comments (0 Total Posts)

There are no comment postings on this page yet.

Page Tools:

Join NCTE Today

Related Search Terms


Copyright © 1998-2018 National Council of Teachers of English. All rights reserved in all media.

1111 W. Kenyon Road, Urbana, Illinois 61801-1096 Phone: 217-328-3870 or 877-369-6283

Looking for information? Browse our FAQs, tour our sitemap and store sitemap, or contact NCTE

Read our Privacy Policy Statement and Links Policy. Use of this site signifies your agreement to the Terms of Use

Visit us on:

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Linked In
  • Pinterest
  • Instagram

Document URL

Document Owner

Organization Name

NCTE - The National Council of Teachers Of English

A Professional Association of Educators in English Studies, Literacy, and Language Arts