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English Journal, Vol. 89, No. 1, September 1999

Cover Art for English Journal, Vol. 89, No. 1, September 1999

Table of Contents

Issue Theme: Research Revisited

  • Oh, What a Tangled Web We've Woven! Helping Students Evaluate Sources

    Susan A. Gardner, Hiltraut H. Benham, and Bridget M. Newell

    Abstract: Discusses the problem of sources in student research; evaluating web resources for authority and accuracy; and evaluating objectivity of web sources (their currency and coverage). Notes helpful web sites about evaluating sources. Describes some web evaluation exercises for students, and outlines three assignments on evaluating web sources.

    Keywords: Pedagogy, Research, Technology, Secondary

  • Re-envisioning Research

    Gregory Shafer

    Abstract: Describes a research paper in the author's high school English classroom which connected to the lives and interests of students, who delved into community problems with as much rigor (and using many types of research as traditional essays exploring arcane philosophical questions). Describes creating a context for exploration, and students' final projects.

    Keywords: Pedagogy, Reading, Secondary

  • Circling through Text: Teaching Research through Multigenre Writing

    Sirpa T. Grierson

    Abstract: Describes how the author incorporated her requirements for a term research paper into multigenre writing. Discusses what multigenre is, how it can be taught and assessed, and what makes it such a rich, workable alternative to the traditional research assignment.

    Keywords: Research, Writing, Secondary

  • The Community as Text: Using the Community for Collaborative Internet Research

    Dennis P. Lawrence

    Abstract: Describes a year-long community research project used for the last seven years with the author's senior English class, part of the web-based student research collaboration project called "The Kansas Collaborative Research Network" (KanCRN). Describes teaching students how to research their community; four on-line research tutorials; structure of research tutorials; publication of results; and other KanCRN tutorials.

    Keywords: Research, Technology, School-Community Relation, Secondary

  • Transformation through Technology: How HyperStudio Updated Middle School Research

    Victoria Shaw Haviland and Mary Jane McCall

    Abstract: Describes how a pair of middle school English teachers (who had no experience using the technology) successfully revised a traditional research project for their 8th graders by using HyperStudio (a multimedia computer program). Describes the original project; HyperStudio; the rationale for the change; the new project; assessing the project; and student and teacher conclusions.

    Keywords: Research, Technology, Middle, Secondary

  • Making Connections: Hypertext and Research in a Middle School Classroom

    Nancy G. Patterson

    Abstract: Describes how students in an 8th-grade rural English classroom were focused and engaged over a 9-week period as they investigated and researched a poem of their own choice by a Native American poet, and wrote a hypertext web of their research journey. Notes that students experienced text in a new way, as a network of links.

    Keywords: Literature, Research, Technology, Middle, Secondary

  • From Mickey Mouse to Marilyn Manson: A Search Experience

    Heidi A. Wilson and Frank L. Castner

    Abstract: Describes the Multiple Intelligence search (used by the author with 6th and 9th graders) based on Ken Macrorie's "I-Search" and Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences. Describes the process as students conducted a search using library resources and technology; became experts on topics they are passionate about; created a professional presentation; and explored topics through multiple intelligences.

    Keywords: Research, Technology, Secondary

  • Students as Ethnographers: Guiding Alternative Research Projects

    Richard Beach and Margaret J. Finders

    Abstract: Describes having students conduct micro-ethnographic research projects, in which students study how participants construct the meanings of social practices in the worlds of school, home, peer group, or various virtual worlds. Discusses research procedures, adopting a cultural perspective, selecting research topics, becoming a participant observer, collecting artifacts and writing field notes, analyzing data, writing research reports, and criteria for evaluation.

    Keywords: Elementary

  • Pictures of an Exhibition: Senior Graduation Exit Projects as Authentic Research

    Mary B. Nicolini

    Abstract: Describes a year-long I-search project in a high school senior English class that culminated in a graduation exhibition, in which students presented their research to a panel of adults from the school community whom they did not know. Describes the process of working on these topics throughout the year and describes 5 student presentations.

    Keywords: Research, Secondary

  • A Librarian's Perspective on Research

    Kathryn A. Johnston

    Abstract: Argues that librarians are natural collaborators with English teachers to improve education and support lifelong learning, assisting students in their learning and supporting teachers in their efforts to update skills and knowledge. Discusses how librarians can help with appropriate research assignments, finding the right sources, evaluating sources, and developing sophisticated research skills.

    Keywords: Research, Secondary

  • Language Use in Family and in Society

    Lee Thomas and Linh Cao

    Abstract: Suggests that students can do meaningful language research within family and society. Looks at language use and family discourse strategies in a 3-generation immigrant family in which language and culture separate the generations. Argues that many of the tensions created by language loss in this family can be seen in the educational domain.

    Keywords: Language, Research, Secondary

  • Rethinking Research

    Eileen A. Simmons

    Abstract: Suggests that research is a process, not a product, whose most important skill is thinking. Maintains that students cannot produce outstanding research papers unless they are taught strategies for gathering information, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating that information through critical thinking. Discusses ways English teachers can build into their classes research thinking and opportunities to use the research in various activities.

    Keywords: Research, Secondary

  • From the Secondary Section: The Making of a Teacher

    Dale Allender

    Abstract: Describes teachers who made a difference in the author's literacy development and who fostered his love of learning and teaching. Discusses the importance of teachers growing as professionals. Describes various opportunities through the National Council of Teachers (NCTE) of English for teachers to share the good work that they do. Notes NCTE's "TEACH 2000" initiative for first-year English language arts teachers.

    Keywords: Literacy, Secondary

  • Cross Conversations

    Abstract: Offers observations from a high school English teacher and a college professor (and former high school teacher) on dilemmas of the term paper: to teach it or not in high school; the importance of research skills; the wish to prepare students well for college and for life; and high school students' comments regarding their term paper assignment.

    Keywords: Writing, Secondary

  • Insights for Interns

    Abstract: Presents one author's experiences in a two-year intensive education program which involved a "teaching associate year" in three different school settings as well as a year-long internship position. Notes the invaluable lessons learned and support gained from this program. Offers reflections on teacher preparation from a teacher educator.

    Keywords: Secondary, Professional Development

  • Teacher to Teacher

    Abstract: Offers brief descriptions from seven English teachers of how and for what purpose they have used an unusual film in their English classroom.

    Keywords: Pedagogy, Secondary, Media Studies / Journalism

  • International English

    Abstract: Presents a Ukrainian teacher's impressions of American English teaching, and an American high school English teacher's reflections about teaching English in the Ukraine. Notes the differences and similarities of teaching English in both countries.

    Keywords: Diversity, Pedagogy, Secondary

  • Young Adult Literature: Dear Teachers: Please Help My Kids Become Readers

    Chris Crowe, editor

    Abstract: Presents an open letter to English teachers outlining what the author hopes English teachers will teach his children about books and reading this year, focused on helping them love reading. Includes some thoughts about how to do so. Presents short annotations of 11 new or overlooked young adult books worth reading.

    Keywords: Literature, Reading, Secondary

  • Letters to EJ

    Abstract: Available in print version only.

    Keywords: Secondary

  • From the Editor

    Virginia R. Monseau

    Abstract: Abstract for this article is currently not available.

    Keywords: Secondary

  • Speaking My Mind: Method and Madness in the Creative Writing Workshop

    Michael Loyd Gray

    Abstract: Abstract for this article is currently not available.

    Keywords: Secondary

  • FOR FUN: Any Questions?

    Stephen Sniderman

    Abstract: Available in print issue only.

    Keywords: Secondary

  • English in the News

    Bobbi Ciriza Houtchens, Editor

    Abstract: Abstract for this article is currently not available.

    Keywords: Secondary


    William Greenway, Editor

    Abstract: Abstract for this article is currently not available.

    Keywords: Secondary

  • Professional Links: English in the Classroom and the World

    Louann Reid, editor

    Abstract: Abstract for this article is currently not available.

    Keywords: Secondary

  • Talk About Books

    John Manear, editor

    Abstract: Abstract for this article is currently not available.

    Keywords: Secondary

* Journal articles are provided in PDF format and can be opened using the free Adobe® Reader® program or a comparable viewer. Click here to download and install the most recent version of Adobe Reader.

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