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Formative Assessment Illustrations & Examples - Previous Revision

"A curriculum committed to independent learning is built upon the premise that inquiry, rather than mere transmission of knowledge, is the basis of teaching and learning . . . This shift from knowledge transmission to inquiry as a primary goal of schools has important implications for assessment . . . Inquiry changes the role of assessment and the roles of the participants. Within an inquiry framework, assessment is the exploration of how the educational environment and the participants in the educational community support education as a process for learning to become independent thinkers and problem solvers."

---NCTE/IRA Standards for the Assessment of Reading and Writing, Revised Edition

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Assessment books as purposeful observation and investigation for and of student learning:

Assessment books that



NCTE JournalsVoices from the Middle

Themed issue, "The Faces of Intervention," December 2011

Language Arts

  • "Assessment through Conversation," January 2002
    by Danling Fu and Linda Leonard Lamme
    Conversations with parents, teachers, and children around portfolios provide a more complete picture of a child's growth and understanding than standardized test scores ever can.
  • "Language Play as Response Discourse," January 1999
    Lynda Holmes illustrates how studying fourth-grade students'
    language-play response discourses and sharing students' patterns
    of thinking with them can lead to authentic assessment.

Council Chronicle
"Formative Assessment: Helping Students Grow," March 2007
What do class discussions, quick writes, reader response journals, quizzes, and writing conferences all have in common? They are all examples of the wide range of classroom-based activities that teachers use to measure how well their students are learning.

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A Professional Association of Educators in English Studies, Literacy, and Language Arts